On the descriptive information provided by the MDT and the "general match" of petitioners, the officers therefore had reasonable suspicion to believe that the drivers were violating the law. However, in addition to that information, the officers also had determined through a "match-up" that the drivers were the registered owners. Furthermore, at no time does the MDT provide any reference to the registrant's race.

invalidating a police caution-54

The MDT search provided the information that the car's owner was male and 5'8" in height. 39:3-40, and one for driving without liability insurance, contrary to N. The Appellate Division granted the State's motion for a temporary remand to establish an evidentiary record and retained jurisdiction. Petitioners and the State disagree on whether the police officers' random use of the MDT to access their DMV registration and license records violates Article I, paragraph 7 of the New Jersey Constitution.

Based on his observations of the driver and the results of the MDT inquiry, Hawthorne stopped the car. When the case returned to the Appellate Division, the court consolidated Donis's appeal with that of Heidi Gordon. on December 6, 1994, Hopewell Township Police Officer Joseph Giordano was parked on the side of Route 654, entering the license plate numbers of passing cars into the MDT in his patrol car. Gordon moved to suppress the data obtained by Officer Giordano with the MDT. The petitioners assert that random use of the MDT violates the State Constitution.

When an officer accesses a DMV plate screen, the MDT then automatically runs a search of the registrant's name and displays the results on the "DMV name" screen.

The DMV name screen shows the registrant's name and the number of names that match that search name; the registrant's driver's license number and date of birth; a code for the registrant's eye color; a code for whether the license or registration is suspended; whether the license is a photo or non-photo license; the licensee's address, social security number, date of birth, weight, and height; the term of the license; the license expiration date; the number of points accrued against the license; and the number of endorsements and restrictions on the license. To maintain highway safety, the State Legislature has authorized the Director of the Division of Motor Vehicles to "[c]ollect such data with respect to the proper restrictions to be placed upon motor vehicles and their use upon the public roads, turnpikes and thoroughfares as shall seem for the public good." N.

By entering the licensee's name, an officer can further learn whether that individual is wanted by state or federal authorities. Because of the State's extensive regulation of its highways and thoroughfares, "[e]very operator of a motor vehicle must expect that the State, in enforcing its regulations, will intrude to some extent upon that operator's privacy." New York v.

Currently, however, MDTs do not have access to the criminal history record information of the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) or the State Crime Information Center (SCIC). Ouslander, Assistant Prosecutor, for plaintiff-respondent (Daniel G. The opinion of the Court was delivered by GARIBALDI, J. Owens, Deputy Attorney General, for amicus curiae, Attorney General of New Jersey (Peter Verniero, Attorney General, attorney). Use of the MDT by each officer was not governed by any manuals or policy directives and there was no supervision or recordkeeping involved. on January 24, 1994, Sergeant Kenneth Hawthorne, a West Windsor police officer, was on routine patrol in a marked police car equipped with a MDT. While traveling behind Donis, the officer entered the vehicle's license plate number. Petitioners challenge the officers' suspicionless access of that information as violative of Article I, paragraph 7 of the New Jersey Constitution. Although Sergeant Hawthorne observed no criminal activity and no driving or equipment violation by Donis, he testified that he punched in the car's license plate number because of his proximity to the vehicle and the opportunity to stop the car if information appeared that would warrant such a stop. Ed.2d 660, 670 (1979), New Jersey courts have recognized that "[t]he State has a vital and compelling interest in maintaining highway safety by ensuring that only qualified drivers operate motor vehicles and that motor vehicles are in a safe condition." State v. As background, a mobile data terminal (MDT) consists of a screen and keypad that are linked to the computerized databases of the New Jersey Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV).