Which kings (kuningaz) ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC.As for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts, mainly of male names, demonstrating that the people of south Scandinavia spoke Proto-Norse at the time, a language ancestral to Swedish and other North Germanic languages.The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power.

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Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag.

Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister.

Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats (Swedish Götar) and Swedes (Svear) and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen.

Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested.

Today, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway.

The capital city is Stockholm, which is also the most populous city in the country.The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union.Since then, Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs.Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes" (Old Norse Svíþjóð, Latin Suetidi).This word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas (Old Norse Sviar, Latin Suiones).Sweden is a unitary state, currently divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities.